The Molecules of HIV

Note: this site last updated in 2006


An article from "The Molecules of HIV" (c) Dan Stowell

I used many, many books, articles, and webpages as source material for compiling all this information about HIV. The bibliography can't possibly contain everything but I hope it will list many of the important sources, as well as point to further reading which might be of interest to you.


Lots of articles were used - specific references will be mentioned on individual pages, where they are relevant. Here are some other useful journal articles:

  • Moore JP, Kitchen SG, Pugach P, Zack, JA. The R5">CCR5 and CXCR4 Coreceptors - Central to Understanding the Transmission and Pathogenesis of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection. AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses 20(1) 111-126
  • Campbell SM, Crowe SM, Mak J (2002) Virion-associated cholesterol is critical for the maintenance of HIV-1 structure and infectivity. AIDS 16 (17): 2253-2261
  • Takasaki T, Kurane I, Aihara H, Ohkawa N, Yamaguchi J (1997)Electron microscopic study of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) core structure: Two RNA strands in the core of mature and budding particles - Brief report. Archives of Virology 142 (2): 375-382
  • Ping Zhu, Elena Chertova, Julian Bess, Jr., Jeffrey D. Lifson, Larry O. Arthur, Jun Liu, Kenneth A. Taylor, and Kenneth H. Roux (2003) Electron tomography analysis of envelope glycoprotein trimers on HIV and simian immunodeficiency virus virions.



  • Lecture Notes on Immunology, Gordon Reeves and Ian Todd
  • The AIDS Knowledge Base, Third Edition, edited by P.T. Cohen, M.A. Sande, and P.A. Volberding
  • AIDS and the New Viruses, edited by A.G. Dalgleish and R.A. Weiss
  • Clinical microbiology made ridiculously simple (Edition 3), Mark Gladwin MD & Bill Trattler MD
  • Current Topics in AIDS, Volume Two, edited by M.S. Gottlieb, D.J. Jeffries, D. Mildvan, A.J. Pinching, T.C. Quinn and R.A. Weiss
  • HLA and MHC: Genes, Molecules, and Function, edited by M. Browning and A. McMichael

Written by
Dan Stowell

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